The innovative development of the digital economy will promote the green transformation of the industrial structure

  The government work report of this year’s "two sessions" proposed that "vigorously promote the construction of a modern industrial system and accelerate the development of new quality productive forces" as the first task in 2024. New quality productive forces are advanced productive forces generated by revolutionary breakthroughs in technology, innovative allocation of production factors, and deep industrial transformation and upgrading. Further promoteInnovative development and the promotion of high-end, intelligent and green transformation of traditional industries are important measures to accelerate the development of new productive forces.

  The previous report of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China pointed out that it is necessary to "promote deep integration with the real economy and build a digital industrial cluster with international competitiveness." The government work report also emphasized many times that it is necessary to vigorously develop, accelerate the digital transformation of traditional industries and small and medium-sized enterprises, and strive to improve the level of greening. Therefore, the digital economy has become an important driving force for the green transformation of the industrial structure and deeply empowers the development of new quality productive forces.

  The digital economy refers to theAs the core resource, digital technology is the main driver, and the form of economic activities based on digitalization, networking and intelligence. By improvingThe ability to analyze and predict, optimize resource allocation and management, and promote the development of green technologies to guide the whole society to carry out green changes is another important economic growth point in the new era. However, the current digital economy is still in the early stage of development, facing energy consumption, cost, promotion and other issues. It is necessary for the government to take effective measures to guide the healthy and orderly development of related industries and promote deep empowerment.

  data elementsEmpowerCorporate green transformation

  As the core of the digital economy, data elements can provide enterprises with refined data analytics and predictive capabilities, promote sustainable innovation and technological development, optimize resource allocation and supply chain management, and promote changes in market demand. These factors will deeply empower the development of new quality productivity and promote the green transformation of the industrial structure.

  First, provide analytical and predictive capabilities. Deep empowerment of data elements means the collection, collation and analysis of large-scale data, from which valuable information and insights can be extracted. This granular data analytics and predictive capabilities can help enterprises better understand resource utilization, environmental impact and market demand for precise planning and decision-making. Through accurate data analytics, enterprises can identify opportunities for environmentally friendly products and services, optimize resource allocation, reduce energy consumption and waste generation, and achieve a green transformation of the industrial structure.

  Second, optimize resource allocation and supply chain management. Data element depth empower can help enterprises better optimize resource allocation and supply chain management to achieve green transformation. Through comprehensive analysis of data, enterprises can better understand the flow and utilization of resources, identify problems of resource waste and environmental risks, and take corresponding measures to improve. Data element depth empower can also achieve transparency and traceability of supply chains, ensure the sustainability of supply chains for environmentally friendly products, and promote the transformation of the entire industrial structure to green supply chains.

  Third, promote sustainable innovation and technological development. Data elements deeply empower can provide enterprises with more innovation opportunities and the potential of technological development. Through the mining and analysis of right, enterprises can discover environmental protection technologies and sustainable solutions, improve product design and production processes, and promote efficient use of resources and reduction of environmental pollution. Data elements deeply empower can also promote cross-industry and cross-field cooperation and innovation, accelerate the development and application of green technologies, and promote the transformation of industrial structure towards green, low-carbon and sustainable direction.

  Fourth, promote the green transformation of market demand. Data elements are deeply empowered, which can help enterprises better understand changes in market demand and consumer preferences, adjust the positioning of products and services in a timely manner, and meet the needs of green consumption. With the strengthening of environmental awareness and the government’s increasing requirements for environmental protection, consumer demand for green products and services continues to grow. Data elements are deeply empowered, which can help enterprises capture these market opportunities, develop products and services that meet green requirements, and promote the development of industrial structure in the direction of green transformation.

  Digital factors promote industrygreentransformationreturnexistWhat bottlenecks?

  The current digital economy-related industries are in the early stages of development, and there are some shortcomings in promoting the green transformation of the industrial structure.

  First, the energy consumption of industries related to the digital economy is relatively high. The rapid development of the digital economy has brought about the demand for large-scale data storage, processing and transmission, which requires a huge energy supply to support.Is supportThe critical infrastructure for big data processing and online services usually requires a large number of servers and network equipment, while big data processing requires large-scale computing resources and storage devices. These devices generate a lot of heat during operation and require cooling systems to maintain a stable working temperature. Cooling systems usually consume a lot of energy, resulting in increased energy consumption. Moreover, the development of the digital economy requires a large amount of data transmission and communication. The Internet, mobile communication and data transmission networks all need to consume a lot of electricity to maintain their operation and coverage. With the growth of the digital economy, the energy consumption of network transmission and communication has also increased accordingly.

  Second, the cost of digital transformation in traditional industries is high. First, the digital transformation of enterprises requires updating the existing technology infrastructure, introducing new software and hardware systems, and training employees to adapt to new workflows, resulting in higher technology update and training costs. Second, digital transformation may require closer collaboration and information sharing with suppliers, partners, and customers, which in turn incurs supply chain adjustment and integration costs. Finally, the digital transformation of enterprises also needs to ensure thatEnsuring the security and privacy of data may require additional investments, such as establishing secure data storage facilities, adopting encryption technology and implementing strict access control measures

  Third, the scope of digital economy empowerment is still insufficient. Traditional industries usually have complex business processes and traditional information systems. Introducing digital technology into these systems may require large-scale technical and system integration work. This may involve issues such as compatibility with existing systems, data migration, security, etc., resulting in slow digital transformation. In addition, the construction and penetration of digital infrastructure in some less developed regions is relatively low, and the popularization of digital skills and knowledge is relatively low. Therefore, these regions may face certain difficulties in carrying out green transformation and digital development.

  Policy recommendations to deeply empower data elements

  The first is to optimize the layout, improve equipment and systems and other measures to improve energy efficiency and promote the green development of the digital economy industry. Optimizing the layout can not only reduce cooling demand and reduce energy consumption, but also promote the effective use of renewable energy. For example, building data centers in the western region rich in air-conditioning resources, using natural airflow for alternative cooling. Moreover, the western region also has better wind and light resources. Through the matching update with the power sector, it can greatly realize the dependence on traditional energy and reduce carbon emissions. In addition, governments and regulators can strengthen environmental supervision of the digital economy industry and develop corresponding policies and standards to promote the use of more energy-efficient servers, optimized equipment configuration, and improved cooling system efficiency in data centers, providers, and operators, among others, in order to promote the development of a green and sustainable digital economy.

  Second, strengthen data infrastructure building and technology popularization, strengthen data privacy and security protection, and improve the enthusiasm of enterprises for digital transformation. The government can increase investment in data infrastructure in underdeveloped areas, including high-speed Internet, data centers, cloud computing platforms, etc. At the same time, strengthen data science,Talent training and skill upgrading in areas such as big data analytics can provide basic support for local enterprises to deeply empower data elements. In addition, clear and stable policies can provide a favorable environment for deeply empowering data elements, and the construction of laws and regulations on data privacy and security should be strengthened. Strengthening technologies and measures to ensure that user data is properly protected, and establishing regulatory mechanisms to supervise the compliance of data processing and use can enhance the good expectations of enterprises and the public for data elements empowering, and promote the further development of the digital economy, thereby providing stronger momentum for the development of new quality productivity.

  Third, promote data sharing and openness, promote data exchange and cooperation between different departments, institutions and enterprises, and remove "stumbling blocks" to development. The government can encourage enterprises and research institutions to conduct innovative research and development in terms of deeply empowering data elements by providing incentives such as funding and tax incentives. The government can also establish innovation support platforms and incubators to provide technical support and market orientation to help innovative projects land and grow. At the same time, by establishing data sharing platforms and formulating data open standards and policies, it can facilitate data sharing and openness among various departments and organizations, thereby encouraging the wide use and innovation of data elements, and opening up data channels for the green transformation of industrial structure and the development of new quality productivity.

Huangshi Xingtu Eta Ursae Majoris is on sale! The maximum discount is 15,000, and the promotion is limited.

We are pleased to announce that a special promotion is under way in car home Huangshi Special Promotion Channel. As a model that has attracted much attention, the starting price of Starway Eta Ursae Majoris in Huangshi has dropped to 137,800 yuan, and the highest discount is as high as 15,000 yuan. This is a very attractive offer. We suggest that you click the "Check Car Price" button in the quotation form to get more specific offer information.

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Starway Eta Ursae Majoris is an SUV full of modernity and technology, and its design is highly recognizable. The lines of the whole vehicle are smooth, the front face design is unique, and the air intake grille is decorated with a large area of chrome, showing a luxurious atmosphere. The body lines are smooth, the roof lines are smooth, and the overall style is fashionable, showing quality and taste. The dynamic lines on the side of the car body and the smooth roof lines show the sense of movement and fashion of the whole car. The tail design is simple and generous, and the taillights use LED light source, which greatly improves the driving safety at night. In addition, Starway Eta Ursae Majoris is also equipped with intelligent induction tailgate, which makes the whole vehicle more convenient and practical. Generally speaking, the exterior design of Starway Eta Ursae Majoris is full of science and technology and modernity, showing the luxury and quality of the brand, and it is a model that people can’t ignore.

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Starway Eta Ursae Majoris is a medium-sized SUV with a body size of 4781*1920*1671 and a wheelbase of 2815mm, which provides spacious and comfortable seating space for passengers. The front tread is 1641mm and the rear tread is 1642mm, which effectively improves the stability of the vehicle. The car uses 235/55 R19 front and rear tires, which provides better handling and stability for the driver. The body lines are smooth, and the side contour lines are simple and smooth, showing a fashionable and atmospheric design. At the same time, the rim style is also very unique, adding a sense of movement to the vehicle.

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The interior design of Starway Eta Ursae Majoris is simple and elegant, made of high-quality materials, creating a luxurious and comfortable driving experience. The steering wheel is made of genuine leather, which feels comfortable and supports manual adjustment up and down and back and forth, so that drivers can easily find the best driving posture. The size of the central control screen reaches 12.3 inches, and the display effect is clear. It supports the voice recognition control system, including multimedia, navigation, telephone, air conditioning, skylight and window, which is convenient for drivers to operate. Both the front row and the rear row are equipped with two USB/Type-C interfaces, as well as the wireless charging function of the front row mobile phone, to meet the various use needs of drivers and passengers. The seat is made of imitation leather. The main driver’s seat supports front and back, backrest and height adjustment, the co-pilot’s seat also supports front and back and backrest adjustment, the second row of seats supports backrest adjustment, and the rear seats can be scaled down, providing more flexible space layout for drivers and passengers.

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Starway Eta Ursae Majoris is equipped with a 2.0T 261 horsepower L4 engine with a maximum power of 192 kW and a maximum torque of 400 N m.. This engine has strong performance and can provide an excellent driving experience. At the same time, with the 7-speed wet dual-clutch gearbox, the shift is smooth and fast, making driving more comfortable and smooth.

In the evaluation of car home car owners, we can see that the design of Starway Eta Ursae Majoris is highly praised. He described this model as "a gasoline car but a new energy car" and praised the design of the side and rear of the car body as "particularly beautiful, and the more you look at it, the more durable it is". This is enough to prove the intention and innovation of Starway Eta Ursae Majoris in design. As a newly listed vehicle, it not only adopts hybrid technology in the power system to achieve the goal of low fuel consumption and zero emission, but also breaks through the framework of traditional gasoline vehicles in appearance design, showing its unique charm. These characteristics not only satisfy car owners, but also provide a new choice for other consumers. It can be said that the appearance of Starway Eta Ursae Majoris has brought a new wave to the whole automobile market, and also brought more diversified car purchase options to consumers.

Beijing Auto Show Museum: Hi4-T Hybrid Model of Great Wall Gun

  [car home Information] Before the opening of this auto show, we photographed the hybrid model of the Great Wall Cannon pickup truck at the auto show site. This car is equipped with the Hi4-T plug-in hybrid system of the Great Wall and will be officially unveiled during the Beijing Auto Show.

Home of the car

Home of the car

Home of the car

  In terms of appearance, the Hi4-T version of the Great Wall Gun basically follows the design style of the current model, with a large-size polygonal front grille, supplemented by dotted-line trim elements inside, and equipped with a black matte off-road kit as a whole, and the visual effect is very rough and powerful. In terms of body size, the length, width and height of the new car are 5462(5493)/1992/1960mm respectively, and the wheelbase is 3350 mm.

Home of the car

  In terms of power, the new car will be equipped with the Hi4-T plug-in hybrid system developed by Great Wall, and its 2.0T engine has a maximum power of 185kW. At the same time, due to the use of the new system, it is expected that the energy saving and mute effect of the engine will be improved. For more information about the new car, we will continue to pay attention. (Text/car home Zhouyi)

"People’s democracy in the whole process" and "dynamic clearing" … The first press conference of the National People’s Congress of the two sessions responded to these hot questions

At 12 o’clock today (March 4), the Fifth Session of the 13th National People’s Congress held a press conference in the Press Room of the Great Hall of the People. Zhang Yesui, a spokesman for the conference, introduced the agenda of the conference and answered questions from Chinese and foreign journalists on issues related to the work of the NPC.

Zhang Yesui responded to hot issues such as "dynamic clearing", "people’s democracy in the whole process" and "Sino-US relations".

Announce the agenda of the Fifth Session of the 13th National People’s Congress.

Zhang Yesui introduced that there were 2,951 deputies to the 13th National People’s Congress. At present, 2,801 people have reported to the Congress, and all preparations for the Congress have been made. The six-and-a-half-day conference opened on the morning of March 5th and closed on the morning of 11th, with 10 items on the agenda.

Talking about legislative work: paying more attention to improving quality and social effect

Zhang Yesui introduced that in the past year, the NPC and its Standing Committee strengthened legislation in key areas, emerging areas and foreign-related areas, and paid more attention to improving the quality and social effects of legislation while speeding up legislation.

On epidemic prevention and control: "dynamic zero clearing" is not the pursuit of "zero infection"

Zhang Yesui introduced that "dynamic zero clearing" is a prevention and control policy put forward on the basis of adhering to the general strategy of "external defense input and internal defense rebound" and earnestly summing up the experiences and lessons of various places. It mainly includes three aspects:

1. Take the initiative to find the source of infection in time.

2、Take public health or social intervention measures quickly, track and manage secret contact personnel, and cut off the transmission route.

3. Effectively treat patients.

Zhang Yesui also said that "dynamic zero clearing" is not to pursue zero infection, but to control the epidemic as soon as possible. Facts have proved that this practice is in line with the actual situation in China, and the approach is correct and the effect is good. No matter from the figures of diagnosis and death, or from the data of economic development, China is one of the most successful countries in epidemic prevention work in the world.

Talking about democracy: democratic and undemocratic practice is the most convincing, and the people have the most say.

Zhang Yesui introduced that there are two key words in the whole process of people’s democracy, one is people’s democracy and the other is the whole process. In the whole process of developing people’s democracy in China, there are not only complete institutional procedures, but also complete participation in practice.

In addition, Zhang Yesui also said that democracy is not an ornament, not for decoration, but for solving problems that people need to solve. A country is democratic and undemocratic, practice is the most convincing, and the people of this country have the most say. Democracy is not the best, only better. China is willing to exchange and learn from other countries on the basis of mutual respect, and constantly enrich and improve the achievements of human political civilization.

On the election of deputies to the National People’s Congress: fully embodying the wishes of the overwhelming majority of the people

Zhang Yesui introduced that the people’s congress system is the fundamental political system of China. The principle of combining direct elections with indirect elections has the widest universality and representativeness, and fully reflects the wishes of the overwhelming majority of the people. There are five deputies to the National People’s Congress in China, all of whom are democratically elected for a term of five years.

Talking about Sino-US relations: Taking China as a strategic competitor will only undermine mutual trust and cooperation between China and the United States.

Zhang Yesui said that mutual respect, peaceful coexistence and win-win cooperation should be the correct way for China and the United States to get along in the new era. The key to peaceful coexistence is mutual respect. Win-win cooperation is in the fundamental interests of the two countries and peoples and is also the expectation of the international community. How the United States can improve its own competitiveness is its own business. Taking China’s development as an excuse and taking China as a strategic competitor will only undermine mutual trust and cooperation between China and the United States, and will certainly harm its own interests. Draw a line with ideology, draw a "small circle" and engage in group confrontation, all of which are contrary to the development trend of the times and simply won’t work.

On neutral relations: there is no so-called economic coercion in China.

Zhang Yesui said that the Lithuanian government has seriously violated the one-China principle and the political commitment made by China when it established diplomatic relations in a neutral way. It is completely justified and inevitable that the China government will respond resolutely to this. At present, the responsibility for the problems in the relations between the two countries lies entirely with the cube. In international trade, China never discriminates against any country or enterprise, and there is no so-called "economic coercion". China hopes that the EU will take an objective and fair stance and will not escalate the issue of neutrality to the level of China-EU relations.

Talking about vaccines: China is the country that provides the most vaccines to foreign countries.

Zhang Yesui said that up to now, China has provided more than 2.1 billion doses of vaccines to more than 120 countries and international organizations, accounting for one-third of the total vaccine use in the world outside China, and it is the country that provides the most vaccines to foreign countries.

China will continue to insist on developing countries as its main partners in vaccine cooperation. Some enterprises in China have cooperated with many developing countries to produce and can vaccines, and signed joint vaccine production agreements with many developing countries, initially forming an annual production capacity of more than 1 billion doses.

On "Foreign Sanctions Law": a defensive measure to deal with containment and suppression.

Zhang Yesui said that China’s Anti-Foreign Sanctions Law is a special law with strong directionality and pertinence, and the word "anti" stands out. China’s anti-foreign sanctions law is a defensive measure to contain and suppress, which is essentially different from the "unilateral sanctions" of some countries.

Producer: Lu Yi

Producer Zhang Yuan

General Desk reporter Wang Nan Fan Jing

Is it difficult to take the self-study exam of insurance principles?

The regulations of self-taught provinces are different, and the provincial policies shall prevail. Including the time, process, policy and entrance of registration are different, but the examination is unified throughout the country, and the academic qualifications are also available on the Internet. Is it difficult to take the self-study exam of insurance principles?On this issue, Xiaobian, the online self-study platform of China Education, will simply tell you about it.

Click to enter:If you have questions about the self-study exam, don’t know how to choose the examiner’s college and major, and don’t know the local policy of the self-study exam, click to learn now.

Insurance is a discipline involving risk management and finance. For many people, insurance may be a relatively unfamiliar and complex field. However, in the face of increasingly complex social and economic environment, it is becoming more and more important to understand the basic principles and concepts of insurance. Insurance involves many complex concepts and technologies, such as risk management, insurance principles, premium calculation and compensation theory. These concepts and technologies may be difficult for people without relevant background knowledge or experience to understand.

Self-taught exams generally take about 2 years to graduate. Self-taught examination basically depends on the examinee’s consciousness. If the examinee can study consciously, then the graduation time will definitely be shorter. There is no fixed academic system for adult self-study exams, and when to graduate and get a certificate depends on the candidates themselves. Candidates must complete all subjects in the professional plan before applying for graduation. There are generally about 12-16 examination subjects for self-taught undergraduate students. Candidates need to complete the theoretical courses specified in the professional examination plan, complete the practical course assessment specified by the major, and obtain qualified results before they can apply for graduation.

Worthy, the self-taught examination is the method to improve academic qualifications with the highest recognition except the full-time education enrollment. The enrollment target of self-study examination is for the whole society, and all employees, students and unemployed people can apply for it. The state expressly stipulates that self-study examination qualifications can participate in national civil service and postgraduate examinations, and can also participate in various job qualification examinations in society. Generally speaking, no matter whether you plan to work, go to school or go abroad for further study in the future, self-study exam qualifications are useful.

The above is related to the adult self-study exam, and candidates can use it as a reference, which is subject to the official announcement! Candidates want to get more information about the self-taught examination, such as the registration time, examination time, application conditions, preparation knowledge, related news, etc. Please pay attention to the online self-taught examination channel of China Education.

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If you have any questions about the self-study exam, don’t know how to choose the main examination institution and major, and don’t know the local policy of self-study exam, click to learn now > >

Recommended reading:

In April, 2024, all provinces registered for self-study exams in official website.

Summary of Registration Time and Entrance of Self-taught Exams in April 2024 by Provinces

Jaguar Land Rover: the global engine of China market and the peak of innovation in the field of new energy vehicles.

  In recent years, the automobile market in China has shown a vigorous development momentum, and Jaguar Land Rover is an important driving force behind this prosperity. In Jaguar Land Rover’s global strategy, the position of China market has become increasingly prominent, which has become a key driving force for its global performance, especially in the field of new energy vehicles. This paper will discuss the rise of Jaguar Land Rover in China market and the key role this market plays in its global strategy.

  China market has always been famous for its huge consumption potential and rapid economic growth. Jaguar Land Rover quickly seized this opportunity and made the China market a core part of its global strategy. In China market, Jaguar Land Rover has not only successfully built a strong brand image, but also made product innovation and customization in close connection with local market demand, making its products very popular in China market.

  In particular, China has become one of the largest new energy vehicle markets in the world, and Jaguar Land Rover has made remarkable achievements in this field with its advanced electric vehicle technology. As one of the innovators in the automotive industry, Jaguar Land Rover not only has outstanding performance in traditional fuel vehicles, but also climbs the peak in the field of electric vehicles. Its series of new energy vehicles launched in the China market have attracted much attention, successfully meeting the demand of China consumers for environmentally-friendly and high-tech vehicles.

  Jaguar Land Rover has been so successful in China market, not only because of its excellent products, but also because of its active investment in localization strategy. The establishment of a production base in China and the introduction of local teams not only improved the adaptability and localization level of Jaguar Land Rover products, but also took the lead in the market competition. At the same time, Jaguar Land Rover also actively participates in social responsibility activities, promotes sustainable development together with local partners in China, and contributes to the prosperity of China automobile market.

  The contribution of China market is not only reflected in sales performance, but also reflected in the strategic positioning of Jaguar Land Rover’s global strategy. The strong demand in China market has become a powerful engine for Jaguar Land Rover to promote global product innovation and technological upgrading. Through in-depth understanding of the needs of consumers in China, Jaguar Land Rover not only improved the localization level of its products, but also promoted brand upgrading and innovation around the world.

  Driven by the China market, Jaguar Land Rover also actively participates in the global new energy vehicle market competition. The successful experience of China market provides Jaguar Land Rover with the enlightenment of globalization strategy, which not only has stronger competitiveness in product innovation, but also shapes a more dynamic and innovative brand image on a global scale.

  On the whole, China market is not only a sales market for Jaguar Land Rover, but also a key fulcrum of its global strategy. Driven by the strong market in China, Jaguar Land Rover has made remarkable achievements in the world. Through localization strategy, product innovation and active participation in social responsibility activities, Jaguar Land Rover has successfully built the China market into the pinnacle of its global strategy. In the future, with the continuous rise of China market, Jaguar Land Rover will continue to write its own brilliant chapter in the global automotive field.

Reporting/feedback

Promote the further expansion of automobile consumption

Analects of Finance and Economics

Author: Wang Qing (Deputy Director and Researcher, Institute of Market Economy, the State Council Development Research Center)

Automobile is a large-scale and relatively high commodity in China’s consumption market, and it is also an important field for the continuous upgrading of residents’ consumption structure. To effectively expand and better release automobile consumption, we should grasp the new changes, trends and requirements in the automobile market, and speed up filling shortcomings, unblocking points and optimizing the environment.

At present, China’s automobile consumption has obviously accelerated, and there are many bright spots in market growth, which is the "highlight" of national and local consumption promotion. Driven by a number of policies, the automobile market has obviously warmed up. From January to October this year, a total of 23.97 million vehicles were sold, up 9% year-on-year, and the growth rate increased by 4.5 percentage points over the same period; The total retail sales of automobile products was 3.9 trillion yuan, accounting for 11.3% of the total retail sales.

At the same time, the upgrading trend of automobile consumption structure is obvious. Statistics show that the proportion of sales of models below 100,000 yuan continues to decrease, and the proportion of middle and high-priced models above 100,000 yuan continues to rise, especially luxury brand models above 300,000 yuan continue to sell well, with a year-on-year growth rate of over 30%. The consumption heat of new energy vehicles continues to climb. From January to October, a total of 7.28 million new energy vehicles were sold, up 37.8% year-on-year, accounting for more than 60% of the global sales in the same period. In October, the sales volume approached the million-vehicle mark, and China became the world’s largest new energy vehicle consumption market for eight consecutive years. Automobile exports continue to maintain a high growth trend. In the first 10 months of this year, China exported a total of 3.92 million vehicles, up 60% year-on-year, including about 1 million new energy vehicles, which doubled last year and is expected to become the world’s largest automobile exporter this year.

From the general law of automobile consumption in developed countries, there is generally an "S"-shaped change between the car ownership per thousand people and the per capita GDP, and there are three stages: introduction period, popularization period and maturity period. In the popularization period, it will experience two stages of high-speed and medium-speed growth, and the dividing point is about 100 cars per thousand people. After crossing the 100-vehicle mark in 2014, China’s automobile ownership has gradually turned to medium-speed growth, and has exceeded 200 vehicles in 2021. After turning to the medium-speed growth stage, the market increasingly presents two prominent characteristics: first, the potential growth rate of automobile demand, that is, the growth rate that potential demand can actually support, gradually falls back; Second, the main driving force to promote the growth of automobile consumption has shifted from the demand for first-time car purchase to the demand for upgrading. It is estimated that by 2030, China’s automobile market will still maintain a growth rate of about 3%, and in the past two or three years, it will be roughly at the level of 4%~5%, and automobile consumption still has great growth potential.

From the structural point of view, the structural change of automobile demand has begun to strengthen the supporting role of sales. The first is the replacement and update demand brought by consumption upgrading. At present, nearly 100 million private cars in China have reached or exceeded 6 years old, and they have entered a large-scale renewal cycle. Updating 1% every year can drive considerable sales. In 2022, about 60% of China’s automobile sales will be purchased or replaced. The second is the demand for new energy vehicles led by technological progress. The market share of new energy vehicles is 20% to 50%, which is the fastest growing stage. It is predicted that by 2025, the market share of new energy vehicles in China will reach 50% and the annual sales scale will reach 15 million. Third, the demand for cascade expansion supported by the rural market. From 2018 to 2022, the average number of family cars per 100 households in rural areas increased from 22.3 to 32.4, with an average annual growth rate of 12%, twice the growth rate of towns in the same period, and it is in the fastest stage of increasing the number of cars per 1,000 people. The fourth is the related consumption demand of automobile aftermarket expansion. The personalized and fashionable consumption of young consumers is rising day by day, and the demand for car modification and beauty is very strong, with great growth potential.

To effectively expand and better release automobile consumption, we must conform to the new characteristics and general trends of automobile consumption and market, speed up the filling of consumption shortcomings, unblock policy blockages, and optimize the market environment.

Actively promote the upgrading of old models. Combined with local policy experience, promote the adjustment and upgrading of automobile stock and stimulate incremental consumption. Appropriately increase the replacement subsidy and increase the reward for upgrading fuel vehicles to new energy vehicles. Promote the abolition of unreasonable restrictions on second-hand car transactions, further facilitate second-hand car transactions in different places, and promote the standardized and large-scale development of the second-hand car industry.

Continue to expand the consumption of new energy vehicles. Accelerate the planning and construction of charging facilities, and accelerate the charging facilities to enter communities, highways, scenic spots and public parking lots (parking spaces), effectively alleviating mileage anxiety and charging anxiety. Accelerate the research and development of related technologies and further reduce the cost of car purchase and car use.

Accelerate the activation of rural automobile consumption market. Improve rural roads, gas stations, charging stations and other infrastructure conditions, guide the sinking of automobile distribution and service networks, and realize the synergy of automobiles and services to the countryside. Promote the precise management of pickup trucks, and clarify regulations such as annual inspection, scrapping and high-speed charging.

Orderly release the market consumption demand after the automobile. Promote the standardized, transparent and efficient development of automobile parts circulation, promote the upgrading of automobile maintenance services, and accelerate the construction of new energy vehicle maintenance technical standard system. Build a multi-level automobile race pattern, orderly release consumer demand such as automobile beauty, and activate the aftermarket consumption potential of automobiles.

Focus on optimizing the automobile consumption policy and environment. Optimize the tax rate of automobile purchase tax and consumption tax, and effectively promote automobile echelon consumption. Strengthen the construction of urban smart transportation and create a good car environment. Strengthen comprehensive financial support for automobile consumption services.

Guangming Daily (15th edition, November 23rd, 2023)

Source: Guangming Net-Guangming Daily